CENSUS
Information that might come in handy some day!!!

(I don't have a clue why this page looks so crazy......  When I find out I will change it.  Until then, think of me as one of those brainy census takers..)

 TIP #620 - BACK TO THE CENSUS
 SOUNDEX ABBREVIATIONS AND SPECIAL CENSUSES.

Most of us are familiar with the letter/number codes used in the soundex
system but Soundex also uses a number of abbreviations, primarily relating
to the relationships to the head of household or occupation. Listed below
are some of these special codes.

A Aunt AdD Adopted daughter Ads Adopted son
At Attendant B Brother BL Brother-in-law
Bo Boarder C Cousin D Daughter
DL Daughter-in-law F Father FB Foster brother
FF Foster father FL Father-in-law FM Foster mother
Fsi Foster sister GA Great aunt GD Granddaughter
GF Grandfather GGF Great-grandfather GGM Great-grandmother
GGGF Gg-grandfather GGGM Gg-grandmother GM Grandmother
GNi Grandniece GS Grandson GU Great-uncle
Hh Hired hand I Inmate L Lodger
M Mother ML Mother-in-law N Nephew
Ni Niece Nu Nurse O Officer
P Patient Pa Partner (share common abode)
Pr Prisoner Pri Principal Pu Pupil
R Roomer S Son SB Step-brother
SBL Stepbrother-in-law Se Servant SF Stepfather
SFL Stepfather-in-law Si Sister SiL Sister-in-law
SL Son-in-law SM Stepmother SML Step mother-in-law
SS Stepson Ssi Step sister SsiL Step sister-in-law
SSL Stepson in-law Su Superintendent U Uncle
W Wife Wa Warden
Citizenship:
A Alien NA Naturalized PA First papers filed
NR Not recorded

Note: There are many errors in the 1900, 1910 and 1920 census in the
transcribing of names, so it is recommended that you double-check by using
the soundex.

Now, let's take a look at some of the special censuses - many will not be
found in Kentucky, but might help if your Kentucky ancestors moved elsewhere.

1885 Census: It was ordered that any state could take an interdecennial
census with a partial reimbursement by the federal government. The states
who took this census included Colorado, Florida, Nebraska, the Dakota
Territory and New Mexico. There were 4 schedules: Schedule 1 was
"Inhabitants". It listed the number of dwellings and families, name, color,
sex, relationship to head of family, marital status, occupation, place of
birth, place of birth of parents, literacy, sickness or disability type.
Schedule 2, "Agriculture" gave the name of the farm owner and his tenure,
acreage, farm value, expenses, estimated value of farm products, number and
kind of livestock, amount and kind of produce. Schedule 3 "Products of
Industry" gave the name of the owning corporation, name of business or
products, capital invested, number of employees, wages, hours, number of
month in operation during the year, value of materials used, value of
products, amount and type of power used. Schedule 5 "Mortality" listed the
name, age, sex, color, marital status, place of birth, place of birth of
parents, cause of death for everyone who had died within the year ending 31
May 1885.

Mortality Schedules 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1885. These listed those who had died on the 12 months immediately preceding when enumerated. They were to list deaths 1 June thru 31 May of 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, 1879-80 and 1884-1885. These schedules asked for the deceased's name, sex, age, color
(white, black or mulatto), whether they were widowed, their place of birth
(state, county or country), month in which they died, their occupation,
cause of death, number of days ill. By 1870 the parents' birthplaces were
added; and in 1880, where the disease was contracted and how long the
individual was a citizen or resident of the area. These reports are very
important if tracking a genetic disease, ancestry, dates of death
documentation etc. In Kentucky, mortality schedules are available for 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880.

Veteran's Schedules 1840-1890. Revolutionary War soldiers were recorded on the back side of the 1840 census. Slaves were also recorded on the reverse side and are often overlooked. A book entitled "A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services" was ordered to be published - this is
available from the Genealogical Publishing Co as a reprint. National
Archives has the surviving schedules of a special 1890 census of Union
veterans and widows of veterans (Microfilm rolls M123 (118 rolls). The
latter rolls are for Washington DC, of Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine,
Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri,
Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Indian territories and US ships and navy yards. Fire destroyed the records for the other states. This schedule shows the name of a Union veteran, name of widow (if applicable), rank, company, regiment or vessel, enlistment date, discharge date, length of service in years, months and days, post office address, nature of disability (if applicable), remarks. SOME Confederate veterans were accidentally listed on this form.

Slave Schedules 1850-1860. Slaves were numbered on separate forms for 1850 and 1860. However, very few show the names of the slaves - they are just numbered and shown by age, sex and color with the slave owners' names. Very few of these have ever been indexed.

Agriculture Schedules 1840-1890. These are relatively unknown and seldom used by the average genealogist. National Archives and Records Service have some and most are not indexed; some have been microfilmed. The 1890 schedule was destroyed by fire with the regular census; those for 1900 and 1910 were destroyed by Congressional order.

Kentucky has the following: Agriculture 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 - held at Duke University. Industry: 1850, 1860, 1870. Social statistics - 1850, 1860, 1870. Manufacturers: 1880. All held by Duke University. I will be discussing Manufactures Schedules and Social Statistics schedules in the next post.

To be continued. The source of this is also taken from material from
"Finding Answers in U. S. Census Records: by Loretto Dennis Szucs & Matthew Wright upon which I have added material and "200 Years of U.S. Census Taking: Population and Housing Questions, 1790-1990, US Department of Commerce.

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